Kerala Geography

Wedged between Arabian sea in the West and western ghats in the east the geography of Kerala provide many exotic hills and mountains along with the beautiful backwaters, beaches and lakes.With an area of 38,863 square kilometre Kerala’s coast runs 580 km in length and 35 -120 kilometre in width. A network of forty four rivers are seen in Kerala. Kerala is the one place with many diverse geographical features. Eastern Kerala has lands bordered by western ghats and which include high mountains, beautiful valleys etc. Here the lands are covered either with dense forests or tea and coffee plantations. Forty one of Kerala’s forty four rivers originate in the eastern region. West side of the mountain lies the midland plains with an area of land running along central Kerala. The lowest regions of midland plains host paddy fields and the elevated land slopes has rubber and fruit trees along with black pepper, tapioca and other crops.

The western ghat rises on an average elevation of 1500 meters above sea level and in certain areas the elevation is above 2500 meters. Kerala’s coastal belt is relatively flat with green paddy fields, coconut trees, a fine network of interconnected canals and rivers. Kuttanad, the rice bowl of Kerala in Alleppey district comprises more than 20% of the India’s waterways by length. The backwaters, canals and rivers in Kuttanad made the coastal belt of Kerala rich with water. Learn more...